Test automation is a key part of extreme programming and Agile software development. Automation means reaching faster and more accurate test results and higher performance, hence, it requires high-grade desktop and online testing tools. In this article, Alena, Senior Software Test Automation Engineer at EPAM, shares the list of top QA tools she uses in work.
Along with saving time for repetitive tests, it's an approach to improve the depth, scope, and accuracy of tests. Besides, there are cases where manual and automation testing tools can't be comparable. Namely, automated testing can simulate thousands of virtual users and their interaction with web applications.
Some QA tools still have their drawbacks, but surely, today's software testing automation is way more advanced compared to what developers used decades ago.
Back in these days, what are the top testing tools, and what key challenges do they help address?
Let's go through the best web testing tools that include functional, integration, performance, load testing tools, and more.
Selenoid is one of the open-source testing tools. Based on Docker containers, it provides such features as support of multiple browser versions on one machine, full isolation of the browser environment, allowing to eliminate testing issues, and data storage in RAM to name a few. Besides, it takes little time and effort to install Selenoid. Here's a tutorial proving that:
Some limitations include limited overall browser consumption, no automation for pulling browser images, and minor issues caused by misconfiguration.
ReportPortal belongs to the open-source testing tools in software testing. It has a very good and flexible visualization of metrics and analytics. Also, ReportPortal accelerates routing result analysis using the collected history of execution and fail patterns to achieve hands-free analysis of the latest results.
If you want to use a ReportPortal EPAM instance for the storage of massive amount of data, you may face some issues with billing. However, if you have good infrastructure and DevOps teams, you can deploy this instance on your machine without any issues.
Spring TestContext Framework is an annotation-driven tool for integration and unit testing, that provides an impressive user base. Besides, using Spring TestContext enables you to integrate a number of Spring frameworks into the test automation framework that can be extremely useful for API testing, e.g. Spring Data JPA, Spring Rest Client.
Using Spring framework requires more experienced engineers, which could be considered as a drawback. Also, without other Spring frameworks, Spring TestContext may be a redundant and too heavy approach for TAF due to some limitations where Spring TestContext is available. But in a combination with other Spring frameworks, using these tools could be a good decision.
Selenium WebDriver is a lightweight open-source framework used for testing web applications and represented by a collection of development and testing tools, each addressing different needs. This is a very popular toolkit with strong community support and in-depth expertise.
Other tools may have better performance and native support opportunities, but Selenium is undoubtedly the tool that significantly simplifies test implementation, makes it faster, as well as provides in-depth expertise.
TestNG is a testing framework that covers many categories of tests. Specifically, TestNG is more flexible and has out-of-box approaches for functional and integration testing.
TestNG is a stable, widely used tool tested over time. It has a lot of things out-of-box and has good support from other frameworks/tools.
Maven is a project management tool that's also frequently used for managing test framework projects.
Today Gradle Build Tool is getting increasingly popular as it builds projects faster and allows adding custom tasks easier. But Maven is still a good tool to use. If your developers mates use Maven, give it a try as well, and you won't be sorry.
Allure is a flexible lightweight test report tool. It provides detailed information on test failures and hence, allows to extract valuable information from the everyday execution of tests.
Yet, there are several limitations, and the most crucial is the history of runs.
GitLab CI is a part of GitLab that allows to build and test the software whenever a developer pushes code to an application. This toolkit encourages developers and QAs to integrate their work often to eliminate or easily identify errors daily. While not many limitations were found under the hood of GitLab CI, it might look not so flexible for an automation team.
BrowserMob Proxy is one of the testing tools enabling QAs to gather performance data. In particular, this tool is used for managing browser behaviors and HTTP traffic. Also, BrowserMob Proxy has integration with Selenium.
So far, BrowserMob Proxy has not been actively updated resulting in some issues happening when using it in combination with Selenium and Maven.
Automation testing keeps evolving, meaning we'll see smoother integrations, better solutions, and new tools covering even more areas of software development, and eliminating human participation in the testing process. We hope you enjoyed this overview!
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