What it takes to beсome a demanded developer in 2020? Knowledge of a certain programming language is a big deal. In this post, we'd like to review 10 most popular programming languages based on PYPL and TIOBE ratings.
So far, there are two most reliable and trusted ratings that assess and measure programming languages popularity:
In 2020, Python celebrates its 30th birthday. It was developed by Guido van Rossum, whose aim was to create a programming language with a low entry barrier even for newbies and based on open source, so everyone could contribute to its development and maintain it.
One of the biggest advantages of Python is its readability, so it can be read almost like a plain text. It includes a standard library with a variety of ready-made integrations and extensions for nearly any typical developer's task: from connecting relational databases to deep learning solutions. The language can also boast of exception handling which means that a sudden issue won't break the application's flow.
Python's main fields of application include web application development, machine learning, scripting, game development, and even embedded applications.
Pinterest, Instagram, Spotify, and Reddit are just a few renowned applications built with Python.
James Gosling started working on Java in the 1990s, while the official release was in 1995. Java creators intended to create a programming language for TV sets and set-top boxes that later evolved into a universal language for web and mobile applications.
Java relies on several key principles:
Today, Java is the official programming language of Android mobile apps. LinkedIn, Facebook, and Twitter also have Java in their technology stacks.
This programming language doesn't require a compiler since it doesn't involve any compilation processes.
C# belongs to a Microsoft's family of C languages. In fact, it was created on the top of C and C++ as a programming language for the development and maintenance of modern applications. In 2020, C# celebrates its 20th anniversary.
Here's what makes C# popular language to learn and use in app development:
C# peaked at the top of most popular programming languages during 2010-2012. This rise was driven by enterprises that widely adopted Microsoft software and were looking for developers that would update and maintain their systems.
As C# was born in the cradle of Microsoft, multiple proprietary programs were developed with this language: Microsoft Visual Studio, Microsoft Installer XML, Microsoft Azure, and more. However, stand-alone web applications like Stack Overflow and FlashDevelop.
C++ was introduced in 1985 by a Danish programmer Bjarne Stroustrup to broaden and reinforce the capabilities of the C language.
What's in it for developers? First, it's a multi-paradigm language that supports OOP principles, generic programming, and imperative programming.
Second, C++ is a cross-platform language, so the same application can run on multiple operating systems. Finally, it's fully compatible with its predecessor, C.
Most of the Microsoft software products are written with C++. It's a robust, maintainable, well-documented programming language that can boast a lively community and a bunch of free tutorials and workshops for you to learn.
Since its release in 1995, PHP became a part of a technology stack for at least 79% of all web pages. Today, PHP is one of the most prominent and hotly debated programming languages. Some developers rail against PHP's spaghetti code, the abundance of outdated and non-maintained libraries, and security vulnerabilities.
On the other hand, PHP can offer a lot of advantages:
Wikipedia, Yahoo, Tumblr, Flickr, Facebook have PHP under the hood. So, a never-ending discussion on whether PHP is dead or not is not relevant. Many websites are updated and maintained with PHP, while the new ones emerge every day.
Didn't expect to find Visual Basic on our rating of most popular programming languages? In 2020, the TIOBE index puts Visual Basic in 6th place while in the PYPL index, Visual Basic could reach only 17th place.
Visual Basic is another language and IDE (integrated development environment) developed by Microsoft. It was developed in 1991 to simplify development for Windows with graphical capabilities. Developers of that time could use their mouse to design the systems – that's how Visual Basic got its name.
Software developers appreciate Visual Basic for its straightforward syntax, rapid application development (RAD) that allows them to create backend-logic and graphic user interfaces quickly, and an exhaustive online help system.
Such Microsoft software products as Microsoft Office Suite (Excel, PowerPoint, Word, Access) are built with Visual Basic. If you're not afraid of legacy applications and dream of a career at Microsoft, learning this language can be a good choice.
Swift is the youngest on our list. It was released in 2014 as a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language to replace Objective-C. Apple created Swift to develop applications for MacOS and iOS – quickly and effortlessly. Currently, Swift is one hundred percent compatible with Objective-C. It means that Swift developers can update and add new functionality written in Swift to applications that originally run on Objective C. If you're considering mobile development specifically for Apple products, Swift is your choice!
Swift is open-source, so everyone can contribute to the codebase and use it for free as it's distributed under Apache 2.0 license.
In the programming world, Ruby and Python are the golden standard of code readability. Swift keeps up with them as it has readable and concise syntax. Such simplicity and clarity results in improved security and speed of writing the code.
Expectedly, you can write applications in Swift not only iOS, but for MacOS, watchOS, and Apple tvOS as well.
Being one of the youngest programming languages, Swift has already gained popularity among businesses that rewrite or update their iOS apps. For example, Lyft, a ride-sharing company, rewritten their app to improve capabilities for maintenance and speed of coding.
VSCO Cam, LinkedIn, KhanAcademy, and Strava are just a few apps built with Swift.
A few essential characteristics of TypeScript include:
Slack, AirBnB, and Google are one of the tech companies that migrated to TypeScript since its release.
R appeared in 1993 as a better version of S language. No wonder that the language with such a laconic name has a similar syntax and features.
First things first, R is an open-source language, so programmers can use the code to build their own solutions. The language is cross-platform and applications written in R can be run on practically any operating system: from web applications to even game consoles. Open source origin contributes to the fact that the language is frequently updated, new features are released, and bugs are fixed.
This language is mainly used for data analysis and statistical modeling, so it includes several benefits:
If you feel like working with complex mathematical tasks and statistical analysis, you have enough of gray matter for R.
This year, other popular languages like Ruby, SQL, and Scala didn't make it to our best programming languages rating. However, it doesn't mean that they're totally out of use these days. Every language was created to solve a certain task and there will always be a demand for software engineers with knowledge of the specific language. We hope our article was helpful to you, thanks for reading!