Programming paradigms (such as OOP, FP, and FRP) are fundamental principles of software creation. They represent different styles of generating code and giving instructions to machines, computers, and other devices. You can understand a programming paradigm as a path or a guide that streamlines web development by applying a certain structure and rules.
Far too often, we hear about websites that become unavailable because of denial-of-service or other types of attacks. In some high-profile cases, millions of passwords, email addresses, and credit card records were leaked, exposing website users to both personal and financial risks.